Assessment of Thrombolytic & Cytotoxic Activity of Herbal Preparations Originated from Botanical Source of Bangladesh

Authors: Anwar M, Khan IN, Barua S, Kamal A, Hosen SMZ, Kawsar M

Journal: Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science

Description:

An in vitro thrombolytic model was used to check the clot lysis effect of four herbal extracts viz., Honey, Nigella sativa, Capsicum frutescens, Brassica oleracea, combination of
Honey & Nigella sativa and Honey & Capsicum frutescens along with Streptokinase as a positive control and water as a negative control. And also brine shrimp lethality bio-assay was done using brine shrimp Nauplii and 5% of DMSO as a solvent for the ethanol extracts of Nigella sativa & Capsicum frutescens and Honey. Using an in vitro thrombolytic model, Honey, Nigella sativa, Capsicum frutescens, Brassica oleracea, combination of Honey & Nigella sativa and Honey & Capsicum frutescens showed 26.82%, 47.13%, 57.40%, 62.44%, 56.58% and 44.54% clot lysis effect respectively. From our study we found that Brassica oleracea, Capsicum frutescens, and combination of Honey & Nigella sativa showed significant% of clot lysis effect with reference to Streptokinase. Again from in vitro brine shrimp lethality bio-assay, we found that the LC50 of Honey, Capsicum frutescens & Nigella sativa were 129.62 µg/ml, 83.33 µg/ml & 45.45 µg/ml respectively.